As the initial part of the digestive tract, the mouth is often exposed to various harmful influences, so it is often the seat of various pathological processes, in which inflammation of the oral mucosa occupies a significant place. The oral mucous membrane is part of the mucous membrane of the digestive tract and coats the oral cavity, and changes in it are also an indicator of many other diseases.
Inflammation of the oral mucosa (stomatitis) as a separate disease occurs due to a direct irritation that acts on the mucosa. The most common causes are viruses, but they can also be bacteria and fungi. In addition to infection as the main cause, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity can be a symptom of a disease or it can be caused by allergies or some irritating factors. All factors of chemical, mechanical, and thermal nature that damage the protective surface layer of the oral mucosa affect the development of this disease. General diseases that reduce the body’s resistance, especially with poor oral hygiene, also contribute to the development of stomatitis.
Rough food, foreign bodies (e.g., bones, especially fish), dental diseases as well as tooth changes and congenital and acquired dental irregularities are irritating. The mucous membrane of the mouth can be damaged by various chemicals (acids and bases). Cold foods (from the refrigerator or insufficiently thawed), as well as overheated foods, can also reduce the local resistance of the oral mucosa and favor the development of inflammation.
Diseases that cause stomatitis are anemia and other blood diseases (leukemia, platelet disease), deficiency of certain vitamins (B or C vitamins most commonly), celiac disease or intolerance to gluten protein present in cereals, inflammatory bowel disease and others.
Stomatitis is a disease that affects the entire mucous membrane of the mouth, including the gums. Intense redness occurs, the mucous membrane is swollen, the tongue is coated, and the lips are slightly enlarged. The gums are inflamed, and the parts of the gums between the teeth are enlarged and bleed at the slightest touch. Increased salivation and bad breath are present. Patients have a feeling of rot in their mouth or that their mouth is bitter. Regional lymph nodes are enlarged and tender. The temperature is slightly increased, the appetite is weak, and the pain intensifies during meals or speech.
If the bacterium is the cause of the inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth, the therapy is antibiotic as a therapy against the cause itself. Oral antiseptics are often used in the treatment, which can be obtained without a prescription in a pharmacy with a different composition of active ingredients, with the aim of eliminating local symptoms.
Of all available oral antiseptics, the active ingredient lysozyme is found only in Lysobact® products.
Use Lysobact® products (Lysobact® compressed lozenges, Lysobact P Spray®, Lysobact Duo®, Lysobact Spray® or Lysobact Complete Spray®). The active components of Lysobact® act against inflammatory agents (bacteria, viruses, and fungi), relieve symptoms, alleviate the inflammatory process, and help heal damaged oral and throat mucous membranes. Lysobact® protects the oral and throat mucous membranes and strengthens the local immune response. Lysobact Spray® and Lysobact Complete Spray® do not contain alcohol.